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Research on ottp
Researchers have explored several angles of occupational therapy for at-risk youth at OTTP-SF. From examining the sensory profiles of our clients to seeking a qualitative understanding of how they experience occupational therapy, the research below offers academic perspectives on our work.
- Client perception of a client-centered and occupation-based intervention for at-risk youth
Shea, C. and Jackson, N. (2014). Client perception of a client-centered and occupation-based intervention for at-risk youth. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy Oct 20:1-8.
Abstract: A community-based occupational therapy program aims to provide client-centered and occupation-based interventions to at-risk youth. Objective: This pilot study explores how at-risk youth experiencing psychosocial and environmental barriers to occupation respond to client-centered and occupation-based occupational therapy in the community. Method: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with five youth participants receiving individual therapy interventions through a community-based occupational therapy program. The transcript data were analyzed qualitatively. Results: Three themes emerged: (i) client-centered and occupation-based OT interventions, (ii) the youths' increased self-advocacy, and (iii) the enhancement of youths' perception of their future. Conclusion and significance: The youth in this study described OT interventions exemplifying client-centered and occupation-based therapy, a non-prescriptive approach that validates the individual and may prove especially effective in serving the at-risk youth population. Access article
- Finding the Key: Sensory Profiles of Youths Involved in the Justice System
Shea, C. and Wu, R. (2013). Finding the Key: Sensory Profiles of Youths Involved in the Justice System. OT Practice 18(18) 9–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.7138/otp.2013.1818f1 By Chi-Kwan Shea and Robyn Wu
The community-based Occupational Therapy Training Program in San Francisco studied the merits of sensory and emotional regulation for youth within the juvenile justice system to promote occupational performance.
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- Examining the Sensory Profiles of At-Risk Youth
Participating in a Pre-employment Program
Shea, Chi-Kwan Ph.D., OTR/L and Wu, Robyn OTD, OTR/L, BCP (2012) "Examining the Sensory Profiles of At-Risk Youth
Participating in a Pre-employment Program," The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy: Vol. 1: Iss. 1, Article 5.
The purpose of this study is to use Dunn’s model of sensory processing to investigate the sensory profiles of
youth participating in a community-based occupational therapy pre-employment program. The youth
participants had been involved in the juvenile justice system and were placed on probation. The study
analyzed data from the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP) questionnaires (Brown & Dunn, 2002)
completed by 79 youth participants. Analysis of the participants’ scores on the AASP showed statistically
significant differences from the norm in two quadrants; the delinquent youth scored lower in Sensation
Seeking and higher in Sensation Avoiding. The delinquent youth participants demonstrated a high prevalence
of atypical sensory processing patterns. Implications for further investigation and practice are discussed.
sensory processing, at-risk youth, productive occupation
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- Occupational Therapists’ and Teachers’ Differing Beliefs About How They Can Assist Continuation High School Students’ Transition to Postsecondary Education
Chi-Kwan Shea & Gordon Muir Giles (2012): Occupational Therapists’ and Teachers’ Differing Beliefs About How They Can Assist Continuation High School Students’ Transition to Postsecondary Education, Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 28:1, 88-105
In this study the authors highlight the conceived roles of
occupational therapists by contrasting them with the conceived
roles of teachers in assisting students at risk of academic failure
in a continuation high school transition to postsecondary education. From analyzing transcripts of one-on-one semi-structured
interviews with five teachers of a continuation high school and
with seven occupational therapy staff in a life-skills training program, three themes emerged with relevance to the youths’ transition, which differentiated the teachers from the occupational
therapy staff. Both cohorts recognized college as the preferred path
to adult roles, but differed in regard to their view of the achievability of the goal for the at-risk youth served. Both cohorts identified
the youths’ personal behaviors as impediments to these youth meeting their goals. Teachers emphasized academics and occupational
therapy staff emphasized life skills when assisting the young people.
Occupational therapy staff’s interventions underscore hope and
support of students’ long-term goals with the aim of engaging these young people in short-term planned-action, which may be
beneficial to this population and warrants further study.
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